I was asked to weave a shawl for an SCA “scroll”. Sometimes useful items are preferred to something that can hang on a wall.
Several of the Valkyrie figures depict shawls in different configurations.
I believe that the one on the Tuna figure (i) and the figure on the Gotland rune stone (e), shows a triangular one. The way shawl comes to a point in the center rear, sweeping upward in a straight line toward the center front of the body would not be likely with a square or rectangular shawl without folding or bunching it up in the back, neither of which is indicated here. Versus the depiction of a shawls on the figure from Grodinge Opp (h) and the several from the Osberg tapestry (b) which appear to show a square or rectangle shawl with the point nearly straight down at her side. Also several shawls appears to depict fringe on the edges of the garments.
Illustration: Bau, F. 1981. Seler og slæb i vikingetid, Birka’s kvindedragt i nyt lys. KUML, Årbok for Jysk arkæologisk selskap pg15
Of course I couldn’t weave this easily on a modern horizontal loom in a triangular fashion. So I wove a length just a bit longer than I wanted the final piece out of alpaca sport weight wool. I used black and grey for my warp wanting a black border and then used black as my weft, woven in broken diamond twill pattern. I then cut the fabric 6 inches bigger than I needed. I now had two perfect pieces to fit together and make a child’s sized shawl later. I laid the shawl out on a table and began to carefully separate the edge warp and weft to create the fringe.
Since it was a scroll it needed words. Lois Hale wrote the words and I tablet wove them into a band of black and white wool and attached it in rows to the long edge of the shawl. I can no longer find a copy of what they say. Here is a very good article on the use of runes in the Viking age.
The final shawl was presented as the scroll for Countess Shaya when she stepped down as Queen, Jan 2017. (Note: she is also modeling tablet woven trim from me on her dress)